The Five Most Common Pediatric Cancers in the U.S.

 Interestingly, the types of cancers that develop in children are different than those that occur in adults.3 According to an article published in CURE Magazine:

The difference between childhood and adult cancers rarely comes down to simply age. Most tumors in children differ biologically from their adult counterparts, and are typically due to the type of cell from which the cancer originates. In the weeks after fertilization, the embryo develops into layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. These layers lay the foundation for the development and maturation of tissues and organs in the body. Adult cancers, such as lung, breast, and colorectal, typically develop from epithelial tissue (adenocarcinomas), which come from the ectoderm or endoderm. Epithelial cells make up the skin and lining of the internal organs and glands. Alternatively, childhood cancers, including sarcomas (cancers of the bone or muscle) and leukemia (blood cancers), develop from the mesoderm.4

The most common pediatric cancer is acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), accounting for 34 percent of all pediatric cancers. Leukemia begins in the bone marrow and spreads to the blood. This type of cancer typically occurs between the ages of two to four years and is more common in males than females.3

Brain tumors and nervous system tumors constitute about 27 percent of pediatric cancers.

Most brain tumors in children typically begin in the lower part of the brain.3 Neuroblastoma, a type of cancer than develops in certain types of nerve tissue, accounts for seven percent of pediatric cancers. It is more common in males under the age of five.3

Wilms tumor is the fourth common type of pediatric cancer affecting the kidneys and children between the ages of three to four years. Wilms accounts for five percent of all pediatric cancers.3

Lymphoma is the fifth most common type of pediatric cancer and occurs in a very small percentage of children. This type of cancer begins in immune system cells known as lymphocytes.3

Cause of Most Pediatric Cancers Has Yet to be Determined
The search for the causes of pediatric cancers has been systematically studied over the last few decades. However, there are no conclusive answers on what is causing children to develop cancer.5

According to NCI and a report published in Pediatric Clinics of North America, five to 10 percent of pediatric cancers are believed to be caused by an inherent genetic mutation, a mutation that can be passed on from parents to their child.6 For example, 25 to 30 percent of retinoblastoma, a cancer of the eye that occurs in primarily in children, is believed to be caused by an inherited gene mutation known as RB1.6

Nonetheless, retinoblastoma only accounts for four percent of pediatric cancers and the cause of the remaining 70 percent of cases is still unknown.6

In another example, children with a genetic condition known as Down Syndrome are ten to twenty times more likely to develop leukemia than children without Down Syndrome. However, only a very small proportion of pediatric leukemia is associated with Down Syndrome.6

Image courtesy of: UT Austin

Studies have shown that that besides high dose radiation and prior chemotherapy, there are very few external or environmental risk factors known to be associated with pediatric cancers.5 Environmental factors refer to exposures children are exposed to that originate outside the human body.5

CDC Investigates 155 Cases of ‘Polio-like’ AFM, Confirms 62

The confirmed cases of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) in the United States this year have now spiked to 62 cases in 22 states, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This is up from early-October when the CDC had confirmed 38 cases of AFM in 16 states.1 2 3

The CDC is investigating a total of 155 cases of the polio-like condition that affects the nervous system, specifically the spinal cord, and can cause muscle weakness, paralysis, and respiratory failure. One death has been associated with the AFM.1 2 4

AFM affects mostly children. About 90 percent of those with AFM are 18 years of age or younger. The average age of those diagnosed with the illness is four years old. There have been only a handful of adult cases of AFM. 4 5

Jason Smith, MD of Primary Pediatrics in Macon, Georgia says that AFM “affects the grey matter in the spinal cord and in the brain. It demyelinates the neurons there, which means basically it uncovers those neurons so they don’t work very well or don’t work at all.” He adds, “Their face may droop. Their smile might not look symmetric. Their airway could get loud because it relaxed, weakness in the arms or legs.”6

The CDC admits that public health officials “don’t know the cause of most of the cases of AFM.” The following statement is posted on the CDC’s website: “We don’t know what caused the increase in AFM cases starting in 2014. We have not yet determined who is at higher risk for developing AFM, or the reasons why they may be at higher risk.”1

What is clear is that AFM appears to be spreading among young children in the U.S. Within the past three weeks alone, the confirmed cases have grown by 61 percent. There are nearly twice the number of confirmed cases so far this year compared to all of last year. In 2017, there were 33 confirmed cases of AFM in 22 states.1

Image courtesy of: Exceed Worldwide

States that have reported confirmed cases of AFM this year include Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Washington and Wisconsin.

Avocado Salad- Easy to Make and Delicious

      No Comments on Avocado Salad- Easy to Make and Delicious

“Fresh avocado, tomato, cucumber, and corn are tossed together to make a delicious, crisp salad for a hot summer day!” Save to favorites Saved Save I Made It Rate it Print Pin Share ADVERTISEMENT Added to shopping list. Go to shopping list. Ingredients 50 m servings 278 cals Original recipe yields 8 servings Adjust US Metric Note: Recipe directions are for original size.

m Lightly toss avocados, tomatoes, red onion, cucumber, jalapeno, and corn in a salad bowl until well mixed, and sprinkle with garlic salt, salt, and black pepper. Mix lime juice with olive oil in a small bowl, and pour over the salad. Chill for at least 30 minutes before serving.

Spring into a delicious summer with a fresh caprese!

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Cook 5-star weekday dinners every time.

Nutrition Facts Per Serving: 278 calories; 22.3 g fat; 21.2 g carbohydrates; 3.9 g protein; 0 mg cholesterol; 572 mg sodium. Full nutrition I made it!

Cook 5-star weekday dinners every time.

I only put half the olive oil and just a little extra lime juice, and I added a cup of canned pinto beansjust because I was in the mood.

Very light, I love avacodo and like all the other ingredients but this just wasn’t something I liked.

I only put half the olive oil and just a little extra lime juice, and I added a cup of canned pinto beansjust because I was in the mood.

As guacamole salads go, this was average, but as salads in general go, it was great.

Image courtesy of: Christaface

I did not use as many avocados. I chopped up one avocado for the salad and mashed 1/2 of another avocado with the seasoning and used it as a dressing.

I would say it’s one of the best guacamole salad for me. I’m not a lettuce fan and this suited me well! I’ll be sure to make this one again.

Very light, I love avacodo and like all the other ingredients but this just wasn’t something I liked.

I thought this tasted pretty good. I liked all of the texture and the color. It would make a nice side dish to a grilled flank steak or something similar.

Added one stalk celery sliced for a little crunch. Leftovers good the next day. Easy, make ahead preparation. I made it with chili verde and it was a hit.

It was really good. I put grilled salmon on top and it was our meal!

Nutrition is so important for our bodies ?

      No Comments on Nutrition is so important for our bodies ?

A healthy and balanced diet, enriched with all the essential nutrients, is a must for overall well-being. Children and adults alike require proper nutrition for ensuring a healthy and long life. Malnutrition and deficiency of these vital elements can lead to serious diseases and conditions.

Deficiency of Vitamin D along with calcium and potassium in the body causes rickets. Rickets is characterized by weak and soft bones, bowed legs and bone deformities. Fish, fortified dairy products, liver, oil and sunlight are some rich sources of Vitamin D. One may need to resort to dietary supplements for making up for the lack of the “sunshine vitamin” in the body.

Dementia, diarrhea, dermatitis and death are “the four Ds” that characterize Pellagra, a disease caused by the lack of Niacin or B3 in the body. The deficiency of niacin is also accompanied by a short supply of the amino acids, tryptophan and lysine or the excessive presence of lysine in the body. Foods enriched with niacin are tuna, whole grains, peanuts, mushrooms, chicken etc. These should be consumed regularly to ward off this disease.

Alarmingly reduced levels of Vitamin C or ascorbic acid in the body can cause scurvy. Scurvy basically inhibits the production of collagen in the body which is the structural protein that connects the tissues. Decaying of the skin and gums, abnormal formation of teeth and bones, delay or inability to heal wounds and bleeding are the effects of scurvy on the body. One must ensure optimal consumption of Vitamin C by having citrus fruits like oranges, lemon, strawberry etc and broccoli regularly.

Lack of Vitamin B1 or thiamine in the body leads to the disease called beri beri. The most common symptoms of this illness are altered muscle coordination, nerve degeneration and cardiovascular problems. Meat, eggs, whole grains, dried beans etc are rich in thiamine and thus, should be consumed in proper amounts everyday to avoid this painful ailment.

Xerophthalmia or night blindness is characterized by blindness due to the poor growth, dryness and keratinisation of epithelial tissue or chronic eye infection. The cause of this disease is attributed to the deficiency of Vitamin A in the body. In worsened situations, night blindness can aggravate to complete loss of vision. The safest way to enhance the Vitamin A levels in the body is by consuming natural food sources like carrots, green and leafy vegetables, cantaloupes etc.

Iodine in the body is essential for normal cell metabolism in the body and deficiency of iodine may cause goitre. Goitre leads to enlarged thyroid glands causing hypothyroidism, poor growth and development of infants in childhood, cretinism and even mental retardation. This disease is commonly found to occur in places having iodine deficit soil. Iodised salt and saltwater fish are rich sources of iodine, and must be consumed regularly to avoid goitre.

Iron deficiency anaemia is a disease caused by the deficiency of iron in the body. It is characterized by a decrease in the red blood cell count or hemoglobin in the body, resulting in fatigue, weakness, dyspnoea and paleness of the body. It can be easily treated by changing to a healthy diet and consuming iron supplements on a regular basis. Squashes, nuts, tofu, bran etc are rich sources of iron for the body.

Image courtesy of: wuestenigel

Kwashiorkor is a deficiency disease caused by lack of protein and energy in the body. It is characterized by anorexia, an enlarged liver, irritability and ulcerating dermatoses. These are the one of the nutritional deficiencies in children, especially from famine-struck areas and places with poor food supply, Kwashiokor is caused by malnutrition. A healthy and balanced diet enriched with protein and carbohydrate sources like eggs, lentils, rice etc helps combat this problem.

Problems of depression, hair loss, rashes and mental issues are caused by the deficiency of Vitamin B7 or biotin. This deficiency can be fatal if present in an aggravated form. Consume poultry products, dairy items, peanuts, nuts etc that are rich sources of biotin. These must be consumed along with supplements to recover and prevent these illnesses.

Deficiency of Vitamin D and calcium in the body can negatively affect the health of the bones and spine. It leads to unhealthy, soft and brittle bones that are prone to fractures and defects in the spine structure. Bananas, spinach, milk, okra, soy and sunlight are natural sources of Vitamin D and calcium that act to eliminate this deficiency.

It is important to follow a healthy and balanced diet in order to lead a healthy and disease- free life. Apart from a healthy diet, don’t forget to exercise everyday. This can therefore help you stay away from causes and signs of nutritional deficiencies. Stay safe, stay healthy!

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Hоw tо avoid the ріtfаllѕ аnd side еffесtѕ of a lоw-саrb wеіght lоѕѕ рlаn.

Hоw tо avoid the ріtfаllѕ аnd side еffесtѕ of a lоw-саrb wеіght lоѕѕ рlаn.

Yоu’vе сlеаnеd оut thоѕе раntrу сlоѕеtѕ, gone fооd ѕhорріng, аnd made thе commitment. It’ѕ official: уоu’rе оn a lоw-саrb dіеt!

But while thе rоаd tо a ѕlіmmеr nеw you mау bе раvеd wіth hіgh-рrоtеіn fооdѕ, if уоu’rе like mоѕt lоw-саrbеrѕ іt’ѕ likely you’ve аlѕо encountered a fеw роthоlеѕ along thе wау.

“Anу time уоu mаkе a fundаmеntаl сhаngе іn уоur dіеt уоur body іѕ gоіng tо rеасt — аnd whеn іt dоеѕ you аrе bound tо еxреrіеnсе сеrtаіn ѕуmрtоmѕ or рrоblеmѕ,” ѕауѕ Stерhеn Sоndіkе, MD, dіrесtоr of thе Nutrіtіоn, Exеrсіѕе, and Wеіght Mаnаgеmеnt Prоgrаm (NEW) at Children’s Hоѕріtаl оf Wisconsin.

Whеn that сhаngе іnvоlvеѕ rеduсіng саrbѕ, hе ѕауѕ, аmоng thе mоѕt соmmоn рrоblеmѕ іѕ соnѕtіраtіоn.

The rеаѕоn, Sоndіkе tells WеbMD, іѕ that mоѕt folks get whаtеvеr fіbеr thеу consume frоm hіgh-саrb fооdѕ ѕuсh аѕ bread аnd раѕtа. Cut those fооdѕ оut, аnd your fіbеr іntаkе саn drор drаmаtісаllу, whіlе thе rіѕk of соnѕtіраtіоn rіѕеѕ.

“Hоwеvеr, if you really fоllоw a lоw-саrb dіеt соrrесtlу, you wіll bе replacing thоѕе ѕtаrсhу fооdѕ wіth lоw-саrb, hіgh-fіbеr vеgеtаblеѕ — whісh ѕhоuld hеlр counter thе constipation bу рrоvіdіng as much, if nоt more fіbеr, than уоu hаd before,” ѕауѕ Sondike.

Dосtоrѕ say thаt еаtіng up tо fіvе ѕеrvіngѕ оf lоw-саrb vеgеtаblеѕ daily — foods ѕuсh аѕ broccoli, саulіflоwеr, and lettuce — саn kеер your bоwеlѕ hеаlthу wіthоut іntеrfеrіng wіth wеіght lоѕѕ.

If it’s still nоt doing thе trісk, Sondike says a fiber supplement — ѕuсh аѕ Mеtаmеuсіl оr FiberCon саn help.

“Thе оnе thіng I wоuld nоt dо іѕ ѕtаrt tаkіng laxatives — adding more fiber tо уоur dіеt іѕ definitely a ѕmаrtеr and hеаlthіеr wау tо deal wіth the problem,” ѕауѕ Doris Pаѕtеur, MD, director оf thе Nutrіtіоn Wеllnеѕѕ рrоgrаm at Mt. Sіnаі Mеdісаl Cеntеr in New Yоrk Cіtу.

A low-carb dіеt can hеlр you lоѕе weight bесаuѕе іt turnѕ оn fаt-burnіng рrосеѕѕеѕ, knоwn as “dіеtаrу kеtоѕіѕ.” Thеѕе kеtоnеѕ аrе also thought tо hаvе аn appetite ѕuррrеѕѕаnt еffесt.

Hоwеvеr, Pasteur ѕауѕ thаt whеn large аmоuntѕ of ketones аrе рrоduсеd, уоur bоdу саn bесоmе ԛuісklу dеhуdrаtеd — another рrоblеm faced bу thоѕе оn a low-carb dіеt.

The ѕоlutіоn: Drink mоrе water.

“The lоwеr уоur саrb intake, thе grеаtеr уоur rіѕk of dehydration аnd ѕubѕеԛuеntlу thе grеаtеr уоur nееd fоr water,” ѕауѕ Pasteur. Mоѕt lоw-саrb dіеt experts ѕuggеѕt drіnkіng аt least 2 ԛuаrtѕ оf wаtеr dаіlу.

In addition to keeping уоu adequately hуdrаtеd — whісh can аlѕо hеlр alleviate соnѕtіраtіоn — drіnkіng lоtѕ оf wаtеr саn also help offset ѕtіll аnоthеr lоw-саrb dіеt problem: bad brеаth. The kеtоnеѕ produced during the dіеt саn lеаd tо whаt іѕ sometimes dеѕсrіbеd аѕ a fruіtу оdоr аlthоugh іt is оftеn dеѕсrіbеd as having аn аlmоѕt “chemical” оdоr similar tо асеtоnе оr nаіl роlіѕh rеmоvеr.

Nоw if you’re thinking you’ll just hаndlе the рrоblеm by bruѕhіng аnd flossing a lіttlе mоrе often, guеѕѕ аgаіn. Sіnсе thе brеаth odor іѕ соmіng frоm mеtаbоlіс сhаngеѕ and not nесеѕѕаrіlу a dental-related condition, trаdіtіоnаl breath products are not lіkеlу tо рrоvіdе lоng-lаѕtіng relief. On thе оthеr hand drinking mоrе wаtеr іntаkе can dо the trісk.

“The water hеlрѕ dіlutе thе kеtоnеѕ in уоur ѕуѕtеm, and whіlе thаt wоn’t affect wеіght lоѕѕ, it wіll hеlр wіth thе bad breath,” says Sondike.

Thе lоwеr уоur іntаkе оf саrbоhуdrаtеѕ, thе grеаtеr your nееd fоr a vіtаmіn ѕuррlеmеnt. That’s thе mantra thаt most dосtоrѕ nоw rесоmmеnd thаt еvеrуоnе оn a lоw-саrb dіеt ѕhоuld nеvеr fоrgеt.

Anу tіmе you rеѕtrісt your diet, раrtісulаrlу in terms оf сеrtаіn fооd grоuрѕ, уоur nutrient lеvеlѕ саn drop. But whеn your diet is lоw саrb, еxреrtѕ ѕау уоu mау bе іn even grеаtеr need fоr сеrtаіn key vіtаmіnѕ and mіnеrаlѕ, раrtісulаrlу folic асіd.

“If уоu’rе cutting оut cereals, fruіtѕ, vеgеtаblеѕ, fоrtіfіеd grаіnѕ, thеn уоu аrе cutting out your mаjоr source оf fоlіс асіd, a B vіtаmіn thаt is nоt оnlу important whеn уоu are рrеgnаnt, but important to everyone’s оvеrаll health,” ѕауѕ NYU nutritionist Sаmаnthа Heller. Whаt’ѕ mоrе, says Heller, folic асіd is kеу tо соntrоllіng levels of hоmосуѕtеіnе, аn іnflаmmаtоrу fасtоr linked tо heart dіѕеаѕе. If уоu’rе аlrеаdу аt risk for cardiovascular рrоblеmѕ, ѕhе says, drорріng fоlіс асіd lеvеlѕ tоо lоw соuld put your health at serious risk.

Onе way to protect уоurѕеlf, ѕhе ѕауѕ, is tо tаkе a B vіtаmіn supplement — wіth аt lеаѕt 400 mісrоgrаmѕ оf fоlіс acid dаіlу.

“All оf the B vitamins wоrk tоgеthеr іn a very соmрlісаtеd metabolic раthwау аnd thеу nееd еасh оthеr — ѕо if you are nоt gоіng to get your source in fооdѕ, then a vіtаmіn ѕuррlеmеnt is a muѕt,” says Heller.

Sоndіkе аgrееѕ аnd ѕауѕ that, “Any tіmе you аrе on a weight-loss diet уоu need a good multivitamin, regardless оf whеthеr you аrе limiting уоur carbohydrate іntаkе оr nоt,” he ѕауѕ.

Image courtesy of: Ed Yourdon

Althоugh there hаѕ bееn some evidence that a low-carb diet саn аlѕо tаkе іtѕ tоll on саlсіum levels, Sоndіkе ѕауѕ thаt fortunately, thіѕ іѕ uѕuаllу only оn a ѕhоrt-tеrm basis.

“Yоur bоdу wіll оftеn ѕhіft mеtаbоlіѕm whеn уоu do ѕоmеthіng dіffеrеnt to іt — but іt еԛuаlіzеѕ — уоu see a rapid ѕhіft аnd a return to nоrmаl — and thе lоngеr-tеrm ѕtudіеѕ show nоrmаl rеѕultѕ іn this аrеа,” ѕауѕ Sоndіkе. Still, hе tеllѕ WеbMD it’s a “ѕmаrt іdеа” tо tаkе a calcium supplement bеgіnnіng аt thе ѕtаrt of your low-carb dіеt to safeguard against a роѕѕіblе deficiency. Tоfu can also bе a gооd ѕоurсе оf саlсіum.

Anоthеr mіnеrаl уоu mау want tо ѕuррlеmеnt іѕ роtаѕѕіum. Whіlе thеrе is nо concrete еvіdеnсе thаt a drаmаtіс роtаѕѕіum lоѕѕ оссurѕ оn a lоw-саrb regimen, Sоndіkе says tо еnѕurе аgаіnѕt рrоblеmѕ hе rесоmmеndѕ patients uѕе Morton’s Lіght Sаlt — a potassium сhlоrіdе product thаt he ѕауѕ саn аdd back аnу оf this іmроrtаnt mіnеrаl that’s lоѕt. Eating a few аlmоndѕ іѕ аlѕо a good way tо ѕuррlеmеnt thіѕ mіnеrаl wіthоut adding carbs to your dіеt.

Finally, іf уоu ѕtісk to уоur lоw-саrb diet via thе uѕе оf рrерасkаgеd fооdѕ, еxреrtѕ say rеаd the lаbеl carefully tо аvоіd іngrеdіеntѕ thаt аrе nоtоrіоuѕlу rеѕроnѕіblе fоr gаѕtrоіntеѕtіnаl uрѕеtѕ, and especially excess gаѕ. Amоng thе wоrѕt оffеndеrѕ: ѕugаr аlсоhоl, found in ѕwееtеnеrѕ such as sorbitol.

“Anуthіng above 10 grаmѕ оr more of ѕоrbіtоl аt a time hаѕ been ѕhоwn tо саuѕе gаѕtrоіntеѕtіnаl uрѕеt — and ѕоmе оf thеѕе lоw-саrb diet fооdѕ have as muсh as 30 grams a ѕеrvіng,” ѕауѕ Hеllеr. Whіlе it won’t mаkе уоu vіоlеntlу іll, ѕhе ѕауѕ, іt саn mаkе you — and those іn thе ѕаmе rооm — рrеttу unсоmfоrtаblе.

Sondike аgrееѕ аnd also саutіоnѕ uѕ to “rеаd the lаbеlѕ.”

“If a рrоduсt іѕ аdvеrtіѕеd аѕ having 3 nеt carbs but thе lаbеl ѕауѕ 35 grаmѕ оf carbs, thеn іt’ѕ lіkеlу that 32 grаmѕ аrе ѕugаr аlсоhоl — and іt’ѕ probably gоіng tо uрѕеt уоur stomach,” ѕауѕ Sоndіkе.

ways tо dо іt.

Do you knоw whаt to eat аnd what tо аvоіd?

Avoid thеѕе dоublе-fіѕtеd dіеt wrесkеrѕ.

wауѕ tо stay оn track.




People with diabetes can eat junk food, provided they monitor their calorie intake and dose their medication accurately.
Junk food should never make up the bulk of your diet, even if the food choices fit your calorie needs.
Junk food isn’t filling and may leave you feeling hungry. This can be problematic for fat loss.
People with diabetes need to be vigilant with blood glucose management when including junk food in their diets.

All of these points are true.


However, these negative aspects only become apparent when junk food is overeaten or makes up the bulk of someone’s diet.



Too many people look at food in isolation, blaming individual foods as the sole cause of obesity and other metabolic disorders like diabetes.


This couldn’t be further from the truth.


Excess calories and low levels of physical activity are the main reason for today’s obesity epidemic. This is a huge topic well outside the scope of this article.



For example, if you maintain your bodyweight on 2500kcals.


Which diet would prove more healthful?


A. 2500kcal of entirely fresh, whole minimally processed fruits, vegetables, dairy and meat.


B. 2500kcal of Oreos and processed beef burgers.

The answer is ‘Option A’ of course.

Image courtesy of: Kaptain Kobold


Even though both diets yield the same energy, Option A provides you with all the essential nutrients, vitamins minerals and fibre; whereas, option B is lacking and will inevitably pose a nutritional health deficiency risk if consumed over the long term.


Now, If I added a third option that included


C. 2500kcal of mixed food sources, with 2000kcals coming from fresh, whole minimally processed fruits, vegetables, dairy and meat and 500kcals coming from Oreos and other sources of junk food goodness.

Would this be unhealthy?


Not necessarily.


The bulk i.e. 80% (2000kcals) of the diet is made up of whole foods and a mere 20% (500kcals) is comprised of junk.


It still allows me to control my energy balance, body weight and obtain all my essential nutrients, whilst at the same time include 500kcals of junk food for intuitive or social nibbles if I really wanted it.



Some people call this style of eating ‘If It Fits Your Macros – IIFYM’ or flexible dieting.

If It Fits Your Macros and Insulin sound pretty cool.


I digress.
Call it whatever you want.

The flexible dieting approach has been shown to be superior to a more rigid-type approach (e.g. clean eating) for long-term weight loss/maintenance in the research. 1,2


This terminology simply represents three important principles involved in goal-orientated diabetic bodybuilding nutrition.


Calories are important.

Provided your diabetes is kept in control, weight loss is pretty much the relationship between calories consumed from food versus calories expended by the metabolism, physical activity and exercise.

When people are in a caloric deficit, they always lose weight.
When people are in a caloric surplus, they always gain weight.

Eat within the lines – according to your goal.


In other words, if you eat the bulk of your diet from low-quality junk food, you will look and feel like junk. Hence, why fresh, whole minimally processed food MUST make up the bulk of your dietary intake.


As a general rule of thumb, I try to eat 70% + of my diet from whole food ingredients, but with up to 30% from junk. Very rarely do I go crazy and consume 50% + of my diet from junk food, bar Christmas. Then again that’s only 1 day out of 365 per year. See my point?


You are what you do and ‘eat’ on average.


Modern food technology and marketing tantalise our taste buds and get us salivating from the moment we wake up to the moment we go to bed. We are faced with so much more pressure to eat nowadays than ever before. Add to that the convenience of foods – we are spoilt for choice.


Sometimes you have to face it.


A cold chicken salad won’t cut it. But your favourite chocolate bar will.


What do you do?


Give in and then feel guilty for eating a ‘bad’ food.
Be strong and restrict yourself, until you crack at the weekend and end up eating more chocolate than you could ever imagine.

Been there done that.

Feeling restricted is one of the biggest reasons why most diets fail.


If people only knew how to tactfully manage ‘desired’ junk food choices within their calorie intakes, we would undoubtedly see less obesity and more sustained fat loss.

Lean Belly Breakthrough

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According to statistics, 90% of adults in the US are not happy with their #abdominal muscle tone and they would gladly have a flatter stomach or lose that stomach fat altogether. Not only is belly fat unflattering, but it has been scientifically linked to many health problems, such as bloating, heartburn, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and many others (and you thought having a muffin top was the worst part!). The good news is losing stomach fat and getting a flat tummy or even getting those fabulous six pack abs are not as difficult as many people think.


Belly fat is a major concern for many. Not only does it make your figure unattractive, but also increases the risk of developing hypertension, diabetes and heart disease. Recently, Public Health England stated for the first time that belly fat is the clearest sign of type 2 diabetes. Another significant study, published in the Journal Heart, states that having a big belly significantly increases the risk for sudden cardiac death. The most common causes include genetics, hormonal imbalance, physical inactivity and an unhealthy diet.
(Big Belly, Bigger Heart Risk)
Choose your foods wisely and make exercise a daily habit.
Lose Belly Fat Tip #1. Pineapple: It contains an enzyme called bromelain which has anti-inflammatory properties. This enzyme helps in metabolizing proteins that helps in getting a flatter tummy.
Lose Belly Fat Tip #2. Studies show that regular intake of cherries helps in lowering symptoms of CVD and metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of belly fat accumulation as well as the risk of heart diseases and diabetes.
Lose Belly Fat Tip #3. Watermelon: Water melon is the perfect food to cut body fat. It contains 91percent water and acts like a diuretic (that promotes the production of urine), keeps you feel full for longer and helps in clearing water retention.
Lose Belly Fat Tip #4. Avocados: It contains a good amount of monounsaturated fats which are heart healthy fats. It is also packed with fiber which keeps you full for longer and curbs cravings.


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Lose Belly Fat Tip #5. Green tea: It is rich in antioxidants and helps in boosting up metabolism, thus cutting down the body fat. It is also known to suppress your appetite. (10 Foods that Suppress Your Appetite and Leave You Feeling Full)
Lose Belly Fat Tip #6. Apples: They are rich in dietary fiber, flavonoids and beta carotene. All of these help in keeping your belly feel full and prevent overeating. Pectin present in apples helps in weight loss by transforming into a gel like substance that traps dietary cholesterol and fat.

Major Causes behind Increasing Divorce Cases

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Major Causes behind Increasing Divorce Cases


It is easier and really feasible for those people that are compatible with each other to live a life that is full of happiness and fun. They understand each other better than anyone else could understand them and take care of each other all through the way. There are others too who cannot become compatible for one another no matter how hard they try to hold on to the emotions and feelings they have for one another. This is when the factor of divorce settles in and plays its deadly role. When two individuals decide on a mutual consent that they can’t lead their lives they lead on to the procedure of getting a divorce which is pretty complicated and enigmatic on its own.
There has been a drastic increase in the divorce cases and especially from the people that live on the western hemisphere of the globe. There could be more than just a few reasons and causes behind increasing divorce cases and to figure those out, you would get the details in the passages below.
Ego and understanding is something that plays a major role in a marriage and it is only required to make sure that a pair lasts long enough and if understanding is lost between all of it then there is nothing to ask for. People these days end up marrying someone they barely know or they have talked to which is why they end up being in emotional as well as social culprits.
Financial recession and not having enough to stabilize the other person is one of the major causes behind increasing divorce cases as well. Most of the time, people earn only a limited amount of money and they could only pay off for a certain things and not being a burden on other individuals. They should know before getting married if they can afford to have a family or not and if they would be happy in whatever money they have got. Increasing divorce rate asks for a lot of measurements and planning in advance is one of them.


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Education and qualification could prove to be the biggest hindrance in making marriages successful as well. People don’t seek compatible partners for them and complain later of their professional instabilities and problems when nothing could be done to it. Uneducated people are more likely to be contributing to the increasing divorce cases readily.